Left top - Take an octagon
Left middle - Cut one of the sides, say the bottom
Left bottom - Make the pattern at the bottom by rotating the cut octagon by 135 deg eight times.
Right - Four of the "octagonal hRidayakamalams" are joined to get this pattern, further decorated with lamps and a flower. If you try to join four hRidayakamalams this is how the pattern will look like.
Enjoy! Regards - mOhana